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The Republic of Kyrgyz

DateTime:2015-02-02 10:01 Views:[4160]

   National Flag: a horizontal rectangle, length and width ratio of approximately 5:3; red color. A golden Sun hanging the flag center, there is a similar Earth shaped circular in the middle of the Sun pattern. Red symbolizes the victory; the Sun means light and warmth, a circular pattern shows the national independence, reunification, national unity and friendship. Kyrgyzstan became former republics of the Soviet Union in 1936, Red flag with a five-pointed star and sickle and hammer pattern was adopted from 1952.In the middle of the flag, there is a white bar, and there is a blue stripe on up and down each. The present flag was used after it declared independence in August 1991.

Emblem: Round. There are wings of eagle on the pattern, which is backed by mountains and the Sun, both sides decorated with wheat and bolls. Emblem on the text is "the KyrgyzRepublic."

Important festivals: People's Revolution Day: March 14; Flag Day: March 3; Chisinau Andrews: March 21; Constitution Day: May 5 (1995); Army Day: May 29 1999 (1992); Independence Day: August 31 (1991).

State leaders: President Atambayev, was elected in November 2011; Prime Minister Sartre Barr Ignatiev, was elected in September 2012; Speaker is Yeyabekov.

Physical Geography: The area is 199,900 square kilometers, a landlocked country of Central Asia in the north; to its north and northeast is Kazakhstan, south is Tajikistan , southwest is Uzbekistan , and in the southeast and east it borders with China.
  With mountainous territory, it is known as "Central Asian mountain country". 90% of the territory of the whole territory is at an altitude of 1500 meters or more.
VictoryPeak is the highest point, up to 7439 meters. This alpine terrain gives the country very abundant water resources, and it has six hydroelectric power stations providing electricity to several neighboring former Soviet republics. Alpine terrain also provides good conditions for the growth of a variety of plants and animals. The main rivers are the NarynRiver and the ChuRiver. The climate is continental. Most of the valley's average temperature in January is -6 , in July is 15 ~ 25 . Annual precipitation is 200 mm in centre, in the northern and western slopes is 800 mm. Located in the eastern mountains of the Issyk-Kul lake surface altitude is 1,600 meters, an area more than 6320 square kilometers, in water depths in mountain lakes world number first, set the amount of water a second. With crystal clear blue water, ice-free all year round, it is the distance flip "hot lake", the "Pearl of Central Asia" in the world, Central Asia tourism resort of convalescence. The lake has pleasant climate and beautiful mountains. The lake mud contains many trace elements which can cure many diseases.

Population: 5,543,000 (2013). There are more than 80 ethnic groups, including ethnic Kyrgyz, 71% of the total population, 14.3% Uzbeks, Russian accounted for 7.8%. Mandarin is Kyrgyz; Russian is the official language. Most residents are Muslims.

Capital: Bishkek (built in 1878, in 1926 was renamed Frunze .On February 7, 1991 it was restored the old name of Bishkek). Located in the foothills of the KyrgyzChuRiver valley, it is a shortcut to connect the Central Asian steppe and Northwest China desert, called "the ancient Silk Road."Its population is 872,900 (2013). January average temperature is -6 , and July average temperature of 27 .
 
Osh is the capital of southern Kyrgyzstan, with a population of 254,800 (2008). Its January average temperature is minus 5 ; July average temperature of 28 .

Administrative divisions: seven states and two cities, namely: Chu Oblast State, Talas State, Osh State, Jalal-Abad oblast State, Naryn State, Issyk-Kul State, Batken State, Bishkek City and Osh City. Under thE states and cities are districts.

A Brief History: Kyrgyzstan has a long history. At the 3rd century BC it had been documented. Its predecessor was the establishment of the Kyrgyz Khanate at AD 6-13 centuries. At the late 15th century, the Kyrgyz nation basically formed. At 16th century it was compelled to move from YeniseiRiver to the current place of residence. In 1876 it was annexed by Russia. From November of 1917 to June of 1918, Kyrgyzstan established a Soviet regime. On December 5, 1936, it established the KyrgyzSovietSocialistRepublic and joined the Soviet Union. On August 31, 1991, the Kyrgyz formally declared independence, renamed the KyrgyzRepublic, on December 21 of the same year joined the CIS.

Relations with China: Between the two countries, there are about 1100 kilometers of common border. Since the initiation of the diplomatic relations on January, 1992, the two countries have been making close high-level exchanges, increasing political mutual trust and consolidating cooperation in various fields.
  In September 2013, President Xi Jinping paid a state visit to
Kyrgyzstan, and the two sides announced to promote a strategic partnership. In May 2014 Kyrgyz President Atambayev made a state visit to China and attended the Fourth CICA Summit. Both sides issued a joint declaration on further deepening the strategic partnership. At present, China has become the second largest trading partner and the second largest source of investment of Kyrgyzstan.

Economy: With a variety of ownership, it is based on agriculture and animal husbandry, while industry is weak, mainly the production of raw materials. Kyrgyz is rich in natural resources, and antimony production ranks third in the world, first in the CIS; tin and mercury production ranks second in the CIS; wool production and hydropower resources ranks third in the CIS.
  In recent years,
Kyrgyzstan has adjusted economic reform policy so as to steadily transfer to a market economy. The economy remains growing momentum.

Issyk-Kul Lake: Located in the northeast of Kyrgyzstan, the surface elevation is more than 1,600 meters, covering an area of more than 6320 square kilometers. It is a year-round ice-free lake; the mud contains many trace elements. It is Central Asia tourism resort of convalescence.

Education: A total of nearly 2000 types of schools, of which more than 60 specialized secondary schools, 43 colleges and universities, with 180,000 students.

There are well-known universities, such as National University of Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz - AmericanUniversity of Central Asia, BishkekHumanitiesUniversity, Kyrgyz - RussianSlavicUniversity, OshUniversity.

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