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The Republic of Tajikistan

DateTime:2015-02-02 09:58 Views:[3599]

 
   National Flag: a horizontal rectangle, length and width ratio of approximately 2:1. From top to bottom, it is composed of the red, white and green, namely, three parallel horizontal rectangles. In the middle of white has a crown and seven pentagrams evenly distributed. Red symbolizes the victory of the country, the green means prosperity and hope, white represents religion; the crown and five-pointed star pattern symbolizes the independence and sovereignty of the country. Tajikistan became one of the former Soviet republics in 1929, and from 1953 it began to use red flag that the upper has a yellow five-pointed star and sickle and hammer, the lower white and green stripes. On September 9, 1991, it declared independence and began to adopt use the present flag.

Emblem: It is round shaped. In the middle of the pattern, there are the crown and seven-pointed star, and the sun and the mountains, beam bolls and wheat tied by ribbons on both sides, and the bottom is an open book.

Important holidays: Independence Day, September 9 (1991); the Anniversary of Victory over Nazi Germany: May 9; National Unity Day: June 27; Constitution Day: Nov. 6; Nau Lutz Festival (Spring Festival), March 21.
  State leaders: Rakhmon was reelected in November 2013; he has took the presidency office for the fourth time; Prime
Rasul R Da; Speaker of the House of Lords Ubai Du Luo Bakeyev was reelected in April 2010.

Physical Geography: Located in the southeastern part of Central Asia, it covers an area of 143,100 square kilometers. To the east is Xinjiang, China, to the south Afghanistan, to west Uzbekistan and to north the KyrgyzRepublic. It is mountainous, and mountainous area accounts for about 93%, and famous as mountainous country," Most of the rivers belong to the Aral Sea water system, mainly including the Syr Darya, Amu Darya, Zeravshan, Vakhsh and Fei Erni Gan. It has considerable water resources. Lakes are located in the Pamirs. Kerala is the largest lake, a salt lake, with 3965 meters above sea level. The whole territory is a typical continental climate. In high mountain region, the continental climate is intensified along with the increase of the sea level. The temperature difference between the north and south is large. January average temperature is -2 ~ 2 ; July average temperature 23 ~ 30 . Annual rainfall is 150 to 250 mm. The western PamirMountain is snowy for the whole year, forming huge glaciers. There are plenty of the plant and animal species, only there are more than 5,000 species of plants.

Population: 7,984,800 (January 2013). Tajik accounts for 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian about 1%. In addition, there are the Tatars, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Belarus, Armenia and other nationalities. Tajik (Iranian Indo-European language family) is the national language; Russian is used for the national communication. Residents are Muslim, most of them Sunni, and Shia Ismaili in Pamirs area there are Shia Ismaili tribe.

Capital: Dushanbe has a population of 747,600 (January 2013). Summer temperatures can reach up to 40 , and winter minimum temperature -20 .
  Administrative divisions: The country is divided into three states, a district and a municipality directly under the Central Government, namely, Gorno - Badakhshan State, Sughd (formerly Lieningnaba Texas), Khatlon, district directly under the Central Government and Duchamp City.

A Brief History: In 9-10 century AD, the Tajik nation formed, and in the 13th century, the country was conquered by Mongol Tatars. On October 16, 1929, it established the TajikSovietSocialistRepublic, and joined the Soviet Union on December 5 of the same year. On August 24, 1990, the Tajik Supreme Soviet adopted a declaration of sovereignty of the Republic. By the end of August 1991 it was renamed the Republic of Tajikistan, and on September 9 of the same year, the Republic of Tajikistan declared independence, determining the date of Independence Day of the Republic, and on December 21, 1991 joined the CIS.

Relations with China: Since establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries on January 4, 1991, the bilateral high-level exchanges are frequent.
  In May of 2013, President Rahmon paid a state visit to
China, and the two sides upgraded the bilateral ties to a strategic partnership. In May, 2014, Rahmon visited China and attended the Fourth CICA summit. In September, 2014, President Xi Jinping attended the fourteenth meeting of the state heads of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Council in Dushanbe, and the two sides signed a joint declaration on further developing and deepening the strategic partnership and formulated the next five-year development plan, and issued an article entitled "Let Sino-Tajikistan Friendship like Eagle Wings".

In the recent years, the economic and trade relations between the two countries have been developing remarkably, with a trade volume of more than 2 billion US dollars.

In April of 2010, the two foreign ministers signed a demarcation protocol, and it marks that the border issue of the two countries left over from the history has been completely resolved.

Economy: Its economic foundation is weak, with a single structure. The national economy of Tajikistan has suffered greatly from the political and economic crisis after the Soviet Union disintegrated and the civil war occurring in the past many years.

In 1997, the national economy of Tajikistan began to step out of the bottom, showing recovery of growth. In 2003, Tajikistan Government worked out a policy on development of national industry, in order to make effective use of the national resources, increase production and technological innovation, and gradually upgrade the level of product processing and product competitiveness. After the 2005 election of the new parliament, the economy has maintained a steady momentum of development, with a continuous improvement in deflation for years, and increasing in per capita income, that is to say, its economic indicators rebounded.

In 2008, the global financial crisis caused a certain impact on the economy of Tajikistan. The government took a series of response measures, and then its economy began to recover. But on the other hand due to their relatively small size of the economy, and its development mainly depends on the international community; hence the full restoration and economic development of Tajikistan have a long way to go.
  In 2012 the economy remains growing, with GDP of $ 7.593 billion, an increase of 7.5%. Increase in per capita income, and industrial and agricultural production, in particular a substantial increase in foreign trade, while energy shortages and the lack of pillar industries remain serious, and the debt pressure is large.
  On March 2, 2013,
Tajikistan became the 159 full members of the World Trade Organization.

People's life: In 2012, its average monthly salary is $ 117. The wages of different industries vary greatly; the lowest income is $ 28.97; staff of government agencies about $ 162.82; the highest industry wage income is the financial field, or about $ 468.38.
  Its price level is high, for example, the house price is around $ 1,000 per square meter. The domestic production capacity is limited, hence most of the goods are imported from abroad, and there is nearly one sixth of the population working abroad.

Education: In 2012, Tajikistan education spending accounted for 16.7% of the national budget.
  There are 508 institutions nationwide preschool, 3813 primary and secondary schools, 3805 full-time schools, 8 tutoring evening schools in the country. It has 34 colleges and universities, such as National University of Tajikistan, Tajikistan Normal University,
SlavicUniversity, Hu Zhande University, Agricultural University of Tajikistan, Tajikistan Medical University, KurganStateUniversity, National University of Kulyab, KhorogNationalUniversity
.

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